Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane was born in the district of Manjacaze, Gaza province, on June 20, 1920 and died on February 3, 1969, aged just 49, the victim of a letter bomb assassination. Mondlane led Frelimo during the first six (6) years of the armed struggle, a period of deep fragmentation, in which two wings emerged in the movement, the one that saw the revolution as an essential component in the struggle and, on the other hand, the wing that saw the struggle for independence as a greater gain. At the same time, due to his experience at the United Nations, he managed to mobilize support for the liberation struggle from the international community. Despite the internal rifts within the party, Mondlane was re-elected at FRELIMO’s second congress, held in Mozambique in July 1968. On February 3, Mondlane received a mail bomb in his office in Dar es Salaam, the opening of which detonated the bomb that killed him.
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